Arthropod ectoparasites of rodents trapped in Ismailia Governorate, Egypt

Shoukry, A.; Morsy, T.A.; Farahat, A.A.

Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology 17(2): 525-537


The arthropod ectoparasites of the commensal rodents Rattus rattus frugivorus, R. norvegicus, R. r. alexandrinus, Nesokia indica and Mus musculus were studied in the Ismailia Governorate of Egypt. Siphonaptera were the commonest ectoparasite, of which 682 individuals were Xenopsylla cheopis, 667 Echidnophaga gallinacea and 41 Ctenopsylla segnis [Leptopsylla segnis]. Most individuals of E. gallinacea were collected from R. norvegicus, those of X. cheopis from R. r. frugivorus. One species of Anoplura was collected, namely Polyplax spinulosa. Of the 3 species of mite collected, 403 individuals were Ornithonyssus bacoti, 70 were Laelaps nuttalli and 52 Tyrophagus castellanii [T. putrescentiae]. Further information is given on the seasonal abundance of ectoparasites, and on host preferences.