The arterial supply of the navicular bone in adult horses with navicular disease
Rijkenhuizen, A.B.M.; Nemeth, F.; Dik, K.J.; Goedegebuure, S.A.
Equine Veterinary Journal 21(6): 418-424
A macroscopical, arteriographical and histological study was made of the arterial supply of the navicular bones of horses with clinical and/or radiograhic signs of navicular disease. Based on the clinical and radiological findings the navicular bones of 40 Warmblood horses are divided into four different groups. In the pattern of the arteriogram obvious changes are noticed: an imbalance and a distal to proximal shift between the distal and proximal arterial supply occur, indicating a reduction of the distal blood supply with a compensatory reaction of the proximal, medial and lateral supply. The changes in the pattern of the arteriogram are histologically defined by arterio(lo) sclerosis and newly formed arteries. The presence of radiologically visible nutrient foramina is associated with a changed pattern in the arteriogram, increased bone remodelling and fibrosis. Ischaemia and increased pressure (hypertension and/or increased intra-articular pressure) are considered to be responsible for chnges in form and number of radiologically visible nutrient foramina.