Large paraganglioma of the abdominal cavity: a case report and review of the literature
Kunitz, A.; Pahl, S.; Podrabsky, P.; Wardelmann, E.; Sturm, I.
Onkologie 33(7): 377-380
Paragangliomas are rare tumors that derive from cells of the autonomic nervous system. They are usually located in the neck, i.e. arising from the glomus caroticum or glomus jugulare, but may also be located in the mediastinum and abdominal cavity arising from other ganglia. Paraganglioma located in the adrenal gland are called pheochromocytoma. We report a case of an oligosymptomatic 50-year-old man presenting with a large intraabdominal tumor mass measuring 24 x 22 x 12 cm. Core needle biopsy revealed a tumor of mesenchymal origin with no clear-line differentiation, so the highly vascularized tumor was resected after embolization of the tumor vessels. Histology revealed epithelioid cells with expression of CD68 and CD10 but no expression of Pan-CK, CD30, or CD45. Ki67 staining was 20%. Lymphangiosis and angioinvasion were demonstrated. Differential diagnosis included histiocytic sarcoma and c-kit-negative gastrointestinal stromal tumor; the final diagnosis was paraganglioma. The 6-month follow-up showed no evidence of recurrence. Paraganglioma is a rare disease and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of abdominal masses. To our knowledge, this report is of the largest paraganglioma that has been described in the literature so far. Nomenclature, pathogenesis, and treatment options are discussed.