Studies on zoonotic cryptosporidiosis parvum in Ismailia Governorate, Egypt


Shoukry, N.M.; Dawoud, H.A.; Haridy, F.M.

Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology 39(2): 479-488

2009


A total of 390 stool samples from children less than 8 years old attending the MOHP central hospital in Ismailia District were examined for cryptosporidiosis. Stools were subjected to direct wet smear method and Sheather's sugar flotation and stained with Modified Z.N. Among the 390 children 204 were diarrheic of whom C. parvum was positive in 68 (33.3%). The highest infection rate was 26/46 among children less than 2 months, 40/150 among children less than 2 years and 2/8 among children less than 7 years. Of these children the clinical pictures ranged from diarrhea (20.7%), to dehydration (20%), abdominal pain and mild fever (19.2%), and the lowest was tenesmus (6.25%). The infection rate was 88.2% among cryptosporidiosis children compared to 11.8% that not in contact with animals. Water samples examined showed was 0.0% in bottled water up to 9.33% in water tank. C. parvum in farm animals was 20.9% in sheep, 22.5% in buffaloes, 23.7% in cows and 25.9% in goats.