Effects of spectral response function on surface reflectance and NDVI measured with moderate resolution satellite sensors Extension to AVHRR NOAA-17, 18 and METOP-A
Remote Sensing of Environment 113(2): 335-341
This work extends the previous study of Trishchenko et al. [Trishchenko, A. P., Cihlar, J., & Li, Z. (2002). Effects of spectral response function on surface reflectance and NDVI measured with moderate resolution satellite sensors. Remote Sensing of Environment 81 (1), 1–18] that analyzed the spectral response function (SRF) effect for the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) onboard the NOAA satellites NOAA-6 to NOAA-16 as well as the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), the VEGETATION sensor (VGT) and the Global Imager (GLI). The developed approach is now applied to cover three new AVHRR sensors launched in recent years on NOAA-17, 18, and METOP-A platforms. As in the previous study, the results are provided relative to the reference sensor AVHRR NOAA-9. The differences in reflectance among these three radiometers relative to the AVHRR NOAA-9 are similar to each other and range from − 0.015 to 0.015 (− 20% to + 2% relative) for visible (red) channel, and from − 0.03 to 0.02 (− 5% to 5%) for the near infrared (NIR) channel. The absolute change in the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) ranged from − 0.03 to + 0.06. Due to systematic biases of the visible channels toward smaller values and the NIR channels toward slightly larger values, the overall systematic biases for NDVI are positive. The polynomial approximations are provided for the bulk spectral correction with respect to the AVHRR NOAA-9 for consistency with previous study. Analysis was also conducted for the SRF effect only among the AVHRR-3 type of radiometer on NOAA-15, 16, 17, 18 and METOP-A using AVHRR NOAA-18 as a reference. The results show more consistency between sensors with typical correction being under 5% (or 0.01 in absolute values). The AVHRR METOP-A reveals the most different behavior among the AVHRR-3 group with generally positive bias for visible channel (up to + 5%, relative), slightly negative bias for the NIR channel (1%–2% relative), and negative NDVI bias (− 0.02 to + 0.005). Polynomial corrections are also suggested for normalization of AVHRR on NOAA-15, 16, 17 and METOP-A to AVHRR NOAA-18.