Chromatin structure from the marine sponge Geodia cydonium
Dawes, K.W.; Bachmann, M.; Zahn, R.K.; Müller, W.E.
Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. B, Comparative Biochemistry 76(4): 769-775
The histones isolated from the siliceous sponge Geodia cydonium have been separated using two electrophoretic techniques. A comparison of their mobilities with those of calf thymus and rat liver show that some Geodia histone species (H3, H1 and H1(0) exhibit electrophoretic variance. The results show, that as in other eukaryotic systems the sponge chromatin contains the core histones (H2A, H2B, H3 and H4) and the linker histone (H1). ADP-ribosylation of Geodia histones and separation of the individual histones by electrophoresis resulted in four histones being radiolabeled. Digestion of Geodia chromatin with endogenous endonuclease is shown to result in the formation of nucleosome particles containing approximately 200 base pairs of DNA. A major product of endogenous endonuclease digestion is a relatively stable 110 base pair intermediate. Incubation of chromatin with DNase II and separation of the products under denaturing conditions reveals 20 bands migrating at 10 base intervals.