The interpretation of seismic reflection data from the Western Platform Region of Taranaki Basin
Energy Exploration and Exploitation 6(2): 136-150
The western-most region of Taranaki Basin, the Western Platform, has a stratigraphy which permits subdivision into major seismic units. The reflectors separating these units are easily identifiable. Each of the units and reflectors has typical reflection characteristics which are often correlatable with the lithology of the unit. Lateral velocity variations, caused by lateral deposition and compaction variations in prograding sequences, are a major problem in developing depth conversion models for this region. Analysis of travel time data from wells shows that velocity variations in both the Oligocene-Miocene and Pliocene-Pleistocene sequences are predictable from the thickness variations of the units (and hence from interval travel times). The interval velocity variations of the Paleocene-Eocene trangressive sequence are dependent on the overburden history and lithology of the unit.