Analysis on the neglected conditions and influence factors of middle school students aged 12 to 17 years old in rural areas of Shaanxi Province and Chongqing City


Zhong, Y.; Zhong, Z.; Pan, J.; Li, Q.; Zhong, Y.; Sun, H.

Wei Sheng Yan Jiu 44(5): 756-760

2016


10 learn about the neglected conditions and intuence factors of middle school students aged 12 to 17 years old in rural areas of Shaanxi Province and Chongqing City. The scale and evaluation method formulated in "The Normal Value of Evaluation on the Neglect of Middle School Students from 12 to 17 Years Old in Rural China" was adopted. 2257 respondents among which there were 1157 male students and 1,100 female students in the rural areas of Shaanxi Province and Chongqing City were selected according to the principle of multi-stage stratified cluster sampling. The severe degree of neglect was reflected through the indicator of neglect degree. The method of binary Logistic regression analysis was adopted to analyze the influence factors of neglect. Results The total neglect degree of respondents was (51. 80 ± 9. 06). The neglect degree of middle school students in the rural areas of Chongqing was (53. 21 ± 9. 03). The neglect degree of middle school students in the rural areas of Shaanxi was 50. 50 8. 90. The statistical significance was found in the difference between the two groups (U =6. 17, P <0. 01). The neglect degree of male students was (51. 93 ± 8. 67) while the neglect degree of female students was (51. 66 ± 9. 46). The statistical significance was not found in the difference between the two groups of total neglect degree of different sexes (U = 0. 60, P > 0. 05). The statistical significance was noticed in the differences of neglect degrees of middle school students in different grades at all levels (P <0. 05). The neglect degrees of junior three and senior three students were relatively high. Their total neglect degrees were (53. 54 ± 9. 70) and (53. 36 ± 8. 69) respectively. Except social neglect and safety neglect, there was statistical significance in the differences of neglect degrees of students with different family backgrounds at all levels (P <0. 01). The neglect degree of middle school students in a remarried family was the highest. The total neglect degree was (56. 92 ± 8. 83). The factors influencing the neglect of middle school students were shown in the result of Logistic regression analysis, including the educational level of their fathers, whether they had a separate room, family types, whether the working places of their parents changed in one year, whether the incomes of their parents decreased in one year, their relationship with their parents and the relationship between their parents. The neglected conditions of middle school students in the rural areas of Shaanxi Province and Chongqing City are relatively severe and the factors influencing the neglect of children include the educational level of their fathers, whether they have a separate room, family types, whether the working places of their parents changed in one year, whether the incomes of their parents decrease in one year, their relationship with their parents and the relationship between their parents.