A taxonomic study of the genus Eupteryx Curtis (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Typhlocybinae), with description of five new records and one new species from China


Hou, X-Jiao.; Zhang, Y-Lin.; Huang, M.

Zootaxa 4117(4): 591-599

2016


A new species, Eupteryx (Stacla) gracilirama sp. nov. from China is described and illustrated and five species are recorded for the first time from China: Eupteryx (Stacla) janeki Dworakowska, Eupteryx (Stacla) albonigra Dworakowska, Eupteryx (Stacla) hela Dworakowska, Eupteryx (Stacla) irminae Dworakowska and Eupteryx (sensu stricto) stachydearum (Hardy). A check-list and key to all known species of Eupteryx from China are provided.

Zootaxa
4117
(4):
591-599
http://www.mapress.com/j/zt/
ISSN
1175-5326
(print
edition)
Article
ZOOTAXA
Copyright
©
2016
Magnolia
Press
ISSN
1175-5334
(online
edition)
http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4117.4.10
http://zoobank.org/urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:73BDB2FF-3251-4054-8D38-C82CA897DDD5
A
taxonomic
study
of
the
genus
Eupteryx
Curtis
(Hemiptera:
Cicadellidae:
Typhlocybinae),
with
description
of
five
new
records
and
one
new
species
from
China
XIAO-JIAO
HOU,
YA-LIN
ZHANG
&
MIN
HUANG
1
Key
Laboratory
of
Plant
Protection
Resources
and
Pest
Management
of
Ministry
of
Education,
Entomological
Museum,
Northwest
A&F
University,
Yangling,
Shaanxi
712100,
China.
E
-mails:
huangmin@nwsuafedu.cn
`Corresponding
author
Abstract
A
new
species,
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
gracilirama
sp.
nov.
from
China
is
described
and
illustrated
and
fi
ve
species
are
record-
ed
for
the
fi
rst
time
from
China:
Eupteryx
(Stacla)janeki
Dworakowska,
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
albonigra
Dworakowska,
Eup-
teryx
(Stacla)
hela
Dworakowska,
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
irminae
Dworakowska
and
Eupteryx
(sensu
stricto)
stachydearum
(Hardy).
A
check
-list
and
key
to
all
known
species
of
Eupteryx
from
China
are
provided.
Key
words:
Auchenorrhyncha,
Typhlocybini,
morphology,
taxonomy,
distribution
Introduction
The
leafhopper
genus
Eupteryx
was
established
by
Curtis
(1829)
with
Cicada
atropunctaca
Goeze
as
its
type
species
and
includes
two
subgenera
Eupteryx
and
Stacla
Dworakowska,
1969,
with
120
species
to
date
(Mfthlethaler
&
Gnezdilov
2013,
Guglielmino
2014,
Dmitriev
&
Dietrich
2003).
Some
species
of
the
nominate
subgenus
Eupteryx
from
India,
Sri
Lanka
and
Pakistan
were
described
by
Distant
(1918),
Melicher
(1903),
Young
(1952)
and
Ahmed
(1967,
1969).
Dworakowska
(1978)
confirmed
eighty-
one
known
species
in
the
subgenus
Eupteryx
distributed
in
the
Palaearctic,
Nearctic,
Oriental
and
Ethiopian
Regions,
and
reviewed
forty
species
of
subgenus
Eupteryx
in
Asia
(Dworakowska,
1982).
Later
Guglielmino
(2011)
and
Poggi
(2012)
described
two
new
species
of
Eupteryx
melissae
group
from
Italy.
Recently,
Mfthlethaler
&
Gnezdilov
(2013)
described
two
new
species
from
the
northern
Caucasus
and
Guglielmino
(2014)
revised
the
Eupteryx
aurata
group
using
morphology,
ecology
and
genetics
which
included
two
new
species
from
Italy
and
showed
that
the
E.
aurata
group
is
monophyletic.
In
addition,
Dmitriev
(2013)
proposed
a
replacement
name,
Eupteryx
(Eupteryx)
dlabolai,
for
the
junior
homonym
Eupteryx
octonotata
Dlabola
(not
Hardy).
In
China,
Chou
&
Ma
(1981)
reported
four
species
of
subgenus
Eupteryx
from
Shaanxi
Province.
To
date,
there
are
109
known
speceis
of
subgenus
Eupteryx
worldwide.
Dworakowska
(1969)
established
the
subgenus
Stacla
to
include
three
species.
Thereafter,
Dworakowska
(1979,
1982,
1994)
described
seven
species
of
subgenus
Stacla
in
total.
Hu
&
Kuoh
(1991)
described
one
new
species
Eupteryx
pentavittatus
from
China
and
compared
it
with
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
cristagalli
Dworakowska
without
explicitly
placing
it
the
former
in
that
subgenus.
Here
we
treat
Eupteryx
pentavittatus
as
belonging
to
the
subgenus
Stacla
since
it
also
closely
resembles
the
new
species,
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
gracilirama,
in
the
external
appearance.
Therefore,
until
now
there
are
11
known
species
of
subgenus
Stacla,
all
restricted
to
the
Oriental
Region.
In
this
paper,
thirteen
species
of
the
genus
Eupteryx
are
reported
including
one
new
species
and
five
new
records
from
China.
The
type
specimens
of
the
new
species
are
deposited
in
the
collections
of
the
Entomological
Museum,
Northwest
A&F University,
Yangling,
China.
Accepted
by
C.
Dietrich:
26
Apr.
2016;
published:
2
Jun.
2016
591
Checklist
of
Eupteryx
Curtis
from
China
Subgenus
Eupteryx
Curtis,
1829
Eupteryx
(E.)
artemisiae
(Kirschbaum,
1868)
Typhlocyba
artemisiae
Kirschbaum,
1868:
190
Eupteryx
abrotani
Douglas,
1874:
118
Eupteryx
semipunctata
Puton,
1875:
146;
Puton,
1886:
87
Eupteryx
artemisiae
Douglas,
1874:
118;
Dworakowska,
1970:
362;
Chou
&
Ma,
1981:
199
Distribution.
China
(Shaanxi),
Oriental,
Palaearctic,
Nearctic,
Australian
Region.
Eupteryx
(E.)
undomarginata
Lindberg,
1929
Eupteryx
undomarginata
Lindberg,
1929:
13;
Dworakowska,
1970:
363;
Anufriev,
1978:
154;
Chou
&
Ma,
1981:
199;
Dworakowska,
1982:
171
Distribution.
China
(Shaanxi),
Far
East
of
Russia
(Amur
region),
Mongolia,
North
Korea.
Eupteryx
(E.)
seiugata
Dlabola,
1967
Eupteryx
seiugata
Dlabola,
1967:
23;
Dworakowska,
1970:
363;
Chou
&
Ma,
1981:
199;
Dworakowska,
1982:
171
Distribution.
China
(Shaanxi),
Mongolia.
Eupteryx
(E.)
minuscula
Lindberg,
1929
Eupteryx
minuscula
Lindberg,
1929:
12;
Vilbaste,
1968:
90;
Dworakowska,
1970:
363;
Anufriev,
1978:
154;
Dworakowska,
1982:
170
Eupteryx
ussuriensis
Vilbaste,
1966:
63
Distribution.
China
(Jangsu,
Shaanxi,
Gansu,
Hubei,
Sichuan),
Far
East
of
Russia
(Amur
region),
North
Korea,
Japan.
Eupteryx
(E.)
adspersa
(Herrich-Schaffer,
1838)
Typhlocyba
adspersa
H.
-S.,
1838:
12
Eupteryx
gallica
Wagner,
1939:
195
Eupteryx
adspersa
Puton,
1875:
146;
Dworakowska,
1970:
362;
Dworakowska,
1982:
170;
Zhang,
1990:
152
Distribution.
China
(Shaanxi),
Europe,
Asia.
Eupteryx
(E.)
semipunctata
(Fieber,
1884)
Typhlocyba
semipunctata
Fieber,
1884:
95
Eupteryx
abrotani:
Mitjaev,
1963
nec
Douglas,
1874:
118
Eupteryx
semipunctata,
Dworakowska,
1970:
363;
Chou
&
Ma,
1981:
199;
Dworakowska,
1982:
171
Distribution.
China
(Shaanxi),
USSR,
Mongolia.
Eupteryx
(E.)
stachydearum
(Hardy,
1850),
rec.
nov.
Typhlocyba
stachydearum
Hardy,
1850:
122
Eupteryx
stachydearum
Marshall,
1867:
268;
Vilbaste,
1973:
26;
Dworakowska,
1982:
174
Eupteryx
hortensis
Curtis,
1833
nomen
oblitum
Distribution.
China
(Sinkiang),
Cyprus,
Turkey,
Palestine,
Iran,
USSR.
Subgenus
Stacla
Dworakowska,
1969
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
pentavittatus
Hu
&
Kuoh,
1991
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
pentavittatus
Hu
&
Kuoh,
1991:
258
Distribution.
China
(Yunnan).
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
janeki
Dworakowska,
1969,
rec.
nov.
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
janeki
Dworakowska,
1969:
439;
Dworakowska,
1982:
176;
Dworakowska,
1994:
138
Distribution.
China
(Yunnan),
East
Nepal,
India
(Sikkim).
592
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4117
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Press
HOU
ET
AL.
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
albonigra
Dworakowska,
1994,
rec.
nov.
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
albonigra
Dworakowska,
1994:
137
Distribution.
China
(Yunnan),
Nepal
(central),
India
(Sikkim).
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
hela
Dworakowska,
1982,
rec.
nov.
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
hela
Dworakowska,
1982:
176
Distribution.
China
(Yunnan),
Nepal.
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
irminae
Dworakowska,
1969,
rec.
nov.
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
irminae
Dworakowska,
1969:
440;
Dworakowska,
1982:
176;
Dworakowska,
1994:
138
Distribution.
China
(Sichuan,
Yunnan),
East
Nepal,
India
(Sikkim).
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
gracilivramus
sp.
nov.
Distribution.
China
(Yunnan).
Key
to
species
of
Eupteryx
Curtis
from
China
(males)
1.
Pygofer
side
with
various
processes
at
hind
margin;
basal
macroseta
on
subgenital
plate
shorter
Eupteryx
(Eupteryx)
...2
Pygofer
side
without
any
process
at
hind
margin;
basal
macroseta
on
subgenital
plate
longer
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
...8
2.
Aedeagal
shaft
with
processes
forked
apically
(Figs
23,
24)
E
(E.)
stachydearum
rec.
nov.
Aedeagal
shaft
with
processes
not
forked
apically
3
3.
Forewing
with
broad
bands;
pygofer
processes
thin;
aedeagal
shaft
with
apical
processes
slender,
band
-like,
curved
to
base
of
shaft
and
crossed
subapically
E
(E.)
minuscula
Forewing
with
small
spots;
pygofer
processes
thick;
aedeagal
shaft
with
apical
processes
slim,
not
band
-like
4
4.
Aedeagus
with
apical
processes
short
and
not
exceeding
half
of
shaft
5
Aedeagus
with
apical
processes
long
and
exceeding
to
or
over
half
of
shaft
6
5.
Body
small,
yellowish
-white,
patches
small
and
light;
aedeagus
with
apical
processes
extremely
slim
E.
(E.)
seiugata
Body
slender,
yellowish
-green,
patches
big
and
dark;
aedeagus
with
apical
processes
slender
E
(E.)
adspersa
6.
Aedeagal
shaft
with
apical
processes
extending
to
midlength
of
shaft
E
(E.)
artemisiae
Aedeagal
shaft
with
apical
processes
extending
basad
of
shaft
midlength
7
7.
Forewing
with
spots
inconspicuous;
pygofer
processes
curved
posterodorsad
E
(E.)
undomarginata
Forewing
with
spots
conspicuous;
pygofer
processes
curved
anterodorsad
E.
(E.)
semipunctata
8.
Aedeagal
shaft
with
paired
processes
apically
9
Aedeagal
shaft
without
any
process
apically
10
9.
Aedeagal
shaft
with
one
pair
of
processes
elongate,
slender,
strongly
recurved,
and
rugose
apically
(Figs
17,
18)
E
(S)
janeki
rec.
nov.
Aedeagal
shaft
with
two
pairs
of
processes,
slender
S-shaped
ventral
processes
and
Y-shaped
dorsal
processes
apically
(Figs
40, 41,
42)
E
(S.)
gracilivramus
sp.nov.
10.
Aedeagal
shaft
acute
apically
in
lateral
view
E
(S.)
pentavittatus
Aedeagal
shaft
not
acute
apically
in
lateral
view
11
11.
Forewing
mottled
with
brown
and
pale
markings
throughout
length;
aedeagal
shaft
inflated apically
in
lateral
view
12
Forewing
with
abrupt
transition
between
dark
brown
basal
2/3
and
pale
apical
1/3
(Figs
4,
5);
aedeagal
shaft
uninflated
api-
cally
in
lateral
view
(Figs
21,
22)
E
(S.)
albonigra
rec.
nov.
12.
Head
and
forewing
with
dark
spots
adjoined
(Figs
10,
11);
lateral
arms
of
connective
long
(Fig.
29)
. .
E.
(S.)
irminae
rec.
nov.
Head
and
forewing
with
dark
spots
separated
(Figs
7,
8);
lateral
arms
of
connective
very
short
(Fig.
25)
.
.E.
(S.)
hela
rec.
nov.
1.
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
janeki
Dworakowska,
1969,
n.
rec.
(Figs
1-3,
16-18)
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
janeki
Dworakowska,
1969:
439;
Dworakowska,
1982:
176;
Dworakowska,
1994:
138
Material
examined.
lc?,
Yunnan
Prov.,
Mengyuan,
altitude
1000m,
18.
XII.
1999,
coll.
Dworakowska;
2y
y,
Yunnan
Prov.,
Jinghong,
altitude
1600m,
25.
XII.
1999,
coll.
Dworakowska;
2y
y,
Yunnan
Prov.,
Mengyang
Sanchahe,
altitude
850m,
19.
XII.
1999,
coll.
Dworakowska.
EUPTERYX,
NEW
RECORDS,
NEW
SPECIES,
CHINA
Zootaxa
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iw
1
4
J*
1
2
5
3
6
wr
-
-
7
10
13
11
14
12
15
FIGURES
1-15.
1-3,
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
janeki
Dworakowska.
1,
habitus,
dorsal
view;
2,
habitus,
lateral
view;
3,
face
of
male;
4-6,
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
albonigra
Dworakowska.
4,
habitus,
dorsal
view;
5,
habitus,
lateral
view;
6,
face
of
male;
7-9,
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
hela
Dworakowska.
7,
habitus,
dorsal
view;
8,
habitus,
lateral
view;
9,
face
of
male;
10-12,
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
irminae
Dworakowska.
10,
habitus,
dorsal
view;
11,
habitus,
lateral
view;
12,
face
of
male;
13-15,
Eupteryx
stachydearum
(Hardy).
13,
forewing;
14,
hindwing;
15,
anterior
dorsum,
lateral
view.
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HOU
ET
AL.
23
16
U17
18
20
19
21
22
24
FIGURES
16-24.
16-18,
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
janeki
Dworakowska,
(16,
from
Yunnan;
17,
18,
after
Dworakowska,
1969).
16,
paramere,
connective,
subgenital
plate,
dorsal
view;
17,
aedeagus,
posterior
view;
18,
aedeagus,
lateral
view.
19-22,
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
albonigra
Dworakowska,
(19,
21,
22,
after
Dworakowska,
1994;
20,
from
Yunnan).
19,
paramere,
connective,
subgenital
plate
and
sternite
IX,
dorsal
view;
20,
anal
hook;
21,
aedeagus,
posterior
view;
22,
aedeagus,
lateral
view.
23-24,
Eupteryx
stachydearum
(Hardy),
(after
Dworakowska,
1982).
23,
apex
of
aedeagus,
posterior
view;
24,
aedeagus,
lateral
view.
2.
Euptelyx
(Stacla)
albonigra
Dworakowska,
1994,
n.
rec.
(Figs
4-6,
19-22)
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
albonigra
Dworakowska,
1994:
137
Material
examined.
idly,
Yunnan
Prov.,
Mengla
Nangong
Mountain,
altitude
1850m,
13.
XI.
1999,
coll.
Dworakowska.
3.
Euptelyx
(Stacla)
hela
Dworakowska,
1982,
n.
rec.
(Figs
7-9,
25-28)
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
hela
Dworakowska,
1982:
176
EUPTERYX,
NEW
RECORDS,
NEW
SPECIES,
CHINA
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Material
examined.
1
d'iy,
Yunnan
Prov.,
Mengyuan,
altitude
1000m,
18.
XII.
1999,
coll.
Dworakowska;
Yunnan
Prov.,
Lijiang,
altitude
2350m,
13.
XII.
1999,
coll.
Dworakowska;
y,
Yunnan
Prov.,
Tengchong,
altitude
1650m,
26.
IV.
1981,
coll.
Jikun
Yang;
1
y,
Yunnan
Prov.,
Kunming
West
Mountain,
altitude
2000m,
16.
V.
1981,
coll.
Jikun
Yang.
Notes:
The
specimens
collected
from
Yunnan
Province
have
the
anal
hook
with
more
spines
than
the
E.
(S.)
hela
from
Nepal
(Pokhara)
as
drawn
by
Dworakowska
(1982),
but
other
features
of
the
genitalia
are
very
similar
so
these
two
populations
are
considered
conspecific.
25
30
26
29
27
31
r
J
r-
28
32
FIGURES
25-32.25-28,
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
hela
Dworakowska,
(25,
after
Dworakowska,
1969;
26,
from
Yunnan;
27,28,
after
Dworakowska).
25,
paramere,
connective,
subgenital
plate
and
sternite
IX,
dorsal
view;
26,
anal
hook;
27,
aedeagus,
posterior
view;
28,
aedeagus,
lateral
view.
29-32,
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
irminae
Dworakowska
(from
Sichuan).
29,
paramere,
connective,
subgenital
plate
and
sternite
IX,
dorsal
view;
30,
anal
hook;
31,
aedeagus,
posterior
view;
32,
aedeagus,
lateral
view.
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4.
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
irminae
Dworakowska,
1969,
n.
rec.
(Figs
10-12,
29-32)
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
irminae
Dworakowska,
1969:
440;
Dworakowska,
1982:
176;
Dworakowska,
1994:
138
Material
examined.
lc?,
Sichuan
Prov.,
Minya
Konka
Mountain,
altitude
2400m,
5.
XI.
1999,
coll.
Dworakowska;
1
y,
Sichuan
Prov.,
Minya
Konka
Mountain,
altitude
2650m,
5.
XI.
1999,
coll.
Dworakowska;
1
y,
Sichuan
Prov.,
Emei
Mountain,
altitude
1650m,
Rubus,
31.
XI.
1999,
coll.
Dworakowska;
21.5'5'22
yy,
Yunnan
Prov.,
Mengla
Nangong
Mountain,
altitude
1850m,
Artemisia,
Urticaceae,
13.
XI.
1999,
coll.
Dworakowska.
Notes:
The
specimens
collected
from
Yunnan
and
Sichuan
have
a
rhombic
pattern
on
the
crown
and
spiny
anal
hook
which
differ
from
the
E.
(S.)
irminae
from
East
Nepal
(Taplejung)
as
illustrated
by
Dworakowska
(1969),
but
other
features
of
the
genitalia
are
very
similar
so
these
two
populations
are
considered
conspecific.
5.
Eupteryx
stachydearum
(Hardy,
1850),
n.
rec.
(Figs
13-15,
23-24)
Typhlocyba
stachydearum
Hardy,
1850:
122
Eupteryx
stachydearum
Marshall,
1867:
268;
Vilbaste,
1973:
26;
Dworakowska,
1982:
174
Eupteryx
hortensis
Curtis,
1833
nomen
oblitum
Material
examined.
lc?,
Xinjiang,
Huocheng
Forest
Farm,
2.
VIII.
1991,
coll.
Bian
Xiyuan;
lc?,
Xinjiang,
Yining,
21.
II.
2002,
coll.
Bian
Xiyuan;
1
.5',
Xinjiang,
Ili
Forestry
Bureau,
25.
VIII.
2001,
coll.
Bian
Xiyuan.
6.
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
gracilirama
sp.
nov.
(Figs
33-42)
Description.
Body
dull
yellow.
Vertex
and
pronotum
mostly
dark
brown
with
symmetrical
yellow
spots.
Vertex
with
three
yellow
spots
anteriorly
and
one
posteriorly;
coronal
suture
slightly
yellow.
Pronotum
with
5
faint
parallel
longitudinal
yellow
stripes
medially
and
bilaterally.
Scutellum
yellow
medially.
Forewing
with
two
round
yellow
patches
in
basal
half
and
several
round
colourless
patches
in
apical
half.
Hindwing
slightly
infuscated
with
longitudinal
veins
brown
(Figs
33-35).
Dorsum
of
abdomen
brown,
venter
yellow
excepting
last
2
segments light
brown.
Abdominal
apodemes
extending
to
middle
of
5th
segment.
Hind
margin
of
pygofer
side
rounded
and
slightly
produced
with
several
small
rigid
setae
apically,
and
base
of
ventral
margin
with
a
row
of
rigid
setae
(Figs
36-37).
Subgenital
plate
with
long
macroseta
basally,
and
with
row
of
microsetae
at
outside
margin
apically
(Fig.
38).
Outer
margin
of
paramere
bent
at
acute
angle
subapically
(Fig.
39).
Connective
Y-shaped,
with
lateral
arms
slender.
Aedeagus
shaft
with
pair
of
long,
slender
S-shaped
ventral
processes
and
Y-shaped
median
dorsal
process
apically,
ventral
processes
extending
to
base
of
shaft
with
outer
margins
bearing
few
irregularly
placed
spines;
dorsoatrium
slender
(Figs
40-42).
Measurement.
Male
3.06
mm
and
female
3.07
mm
(including
wing).
Type
material.
Holotype,
.5',
Yunnan
Prov.,
Dali,
altitude
2000m,
Labiatae,
11.
XI.
1999,
coll.
Dworakowska;
Paratype,
2y
y,
same
data
as
holotype;
Tengchong,
altitude
2000m,
Artemisia,
26.
XI.
1999,
coll.
Dworakowska.
Notes.
The
new
species
closely
resembles
Eupteryx
pentavittatus
Hu
&
Kuoh
in
the
external
appearance,
but
its
patch
on
vein
ScP+RA
is
smaller
than
the
patch
in
the
4th
apical
cell
which
is
opposite
to
the
condition
in
Eupteryx
pentavittatus.
Moreover,
the
male
genitalias
are
distinctive:
the
paired
processes
at
the
apex
of
aedeagus
in
the
new
species
are
lacking
in
Eupteryx
pentavittatus.
Etymology.
The
specific
name
is
derived
from
a
combination
of
the
Latin
prefix
"gracil-"
(slender)
and
the
Latin
word
"rama"
(twig),
which
refers
to
the
aedeagal
processes.
EUPTERYX,
NEW
RECORDS,
NEW
SPECIES,
CHINA
Zootaxa
4117
(4)
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2016
Magnolia
Press
597
;
33
34
36
39
'
40
35
42
38
37
41
FIGURES
33-42.
Eupteryx
(Stacla)
gracilirama
sp.
nov.
33,
habitus,
dorsal
view;
34,
habitus,
lateral
view;
35,
face
of
male;
36,
male
pygofer,
lateral
view;
37,
hind
margin
of
male
pygofer,
lateral
view;
38,
paramere,
connective,
subgenital
plate
and
stemite
IX,
dorsal
view;
39,
paramere;
40,
aedeagus,
posterior
view;
41,
aedeagus,
lateral
view;
42,
apical
part
of
aedeagus,
dorsal
view.
598
Zootaxa
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ET
AL.
Acknowledgements
We
thank
Dr
Irena
Dworakowska
(Canada)
for
her
contribution
to
the
knowledge
of
Chinese
Typhlocybinae
and
for
her
part
of
illustrations
and
revising
to
this
manuscript.
Sincere
thanks
also
to
Dr
Chris
Dietrich
(Illinois
Natural
History
Survey,
USA)
and
anonymous
reviewers
for
their
revising
the
manuscript.
This
study
is
supported
by
the
National
Natural
Science
Foundation
of
China
(31372233,
31420103911,
31493021)
and
The
Ministry
of
Science
and
Technology
of
the
People's
Republic
of
China
(2005DKA21402,
2015FY210300).
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Zootaxa
4117
(4)
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2016
Magnolia
Press
599