Gregor Johann Mendel on Pisum sativum. A centennial
Mark, H.H.; Mendel, G.J.
Archives of Ophthalmology 76(2): 287-289
In the one hundred years since Gregor Johann Menders paper "Versuche ueber Pflanzenhybriden" (Experiments in Plant Hybrids) appeared in the Verhandlungen des Naturforschenden Vereins in Brünn (4:3, 1866), the impact of scientific genetics on our daily life has been truly immeasurable. The meat on our table now comes from carefully bred livestock, our bread front genetically improved grain. In ophthalmology the known number of ocular disorders has been steadily growing, and, as knowledge of their fundamental mechanisms deepens, so does the realization that many are genetically determined, whether the disorder be color blindness or retinoblastoma, myopia or homocystinuria. Therapeutic progress has placed many of the traumatic and infectious diseases in the background, while at the same time the focus of interest has been turned on degenerative and hereditary disorders.