Remote sensing parameterization of land surface heat fluxes over arid and semi-arid areas
Ma, Y.M.; Wang J.M.; Huang, R.H.; Wei G.A.; Menenti, M.; Su, Z.B.; Hu, Z.Y.; Gao, F.; Wen, J.
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences 20(4): 530-539
Dealing with the regional land surfaces heat fluxes over inhomogeneous land surfaces in arid and semiarid areas is an important but not an easy issue. In this study, one parameterization method based on satellite remote sensing and field observations is proposed and tested for deriving the regional land surface heat fluxes over inhomogeneous landscapes. As a case study, the method is applied to the Dunhuang experimental area and the HEIFE (Heihe River Field Experiment, 1988-1994) area. The Dunhuang area is selected as a basic experimental area for the Chinese National Key Programme for Developing Basic Sciences: Research on the Formation Mechanism and Prediction Theory of Severe Climate Disaster in China (G1998040900, 1999-2003). The four scenes of Landsat TM data used in this study are 3 June 2000, 22 August 2000, and 29 January 2001 for the Dunhuang area and 9 July 1991 for the HEIFE area. The regional distributions of land surface variables, vegetation variables, and heat fluxes over inhomogeneous landscapes in arid and semi-arid areas are obtained in this study.