Effects of a Bacillus thuringiensis toxin, two Bacillus thuringiensis biopesticide formulations, and a soybean trypsin inhibitor on honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) survival and food consumption
Malone, L.A.; Burgess, E.P.J.; Stefanovic, D.
Apidologie 30(6): 465-473
Newly emerged adult honey bees, Apis mellifera L., were fed with a pollen-based food containing various additives: purified and activated Cry I Ba 8-endotoxin, from Bacillus thuringiensis Bt4412 (Bt) (1, 0.25 and 0.025 % w/w), Bt biopesticide preparations, Dipel 2X (1 and 0.25 %) and Foray 48B (0.25 %), and Kunitz soybean trypsin inhibitor (SBTI) (1, 0.5 or 0.05 %). The bees received these foods for 7 days and were then given control food without additives for the rest of their lives. Bee survival time was unaffected, and the food was consumed at the same rate as control food for all treatments, except I % Dipel, where both survival and food consumption were significantly reduced. A second experiment showed that bees completely deprived of the pollen-based food also had poorer survival than those fed with the control food. Adult bees are unlikely to be harmed by transgenic plants expressing CrylBa or SBTI, or by Bt hiopesticides that are used as recommended.