Interaction between immunity to Bordetella bronchiseptica and infection of pig herds by Bordetella bronchiseptica and Pasteurella multocida
Eliás, B.; Krüger, M.; Gergely, P.; Voets, R.; Rafai, P.
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 55(4): 617-622
The dynamics of toxigenic Bordetella bronchiseptica and Pasteurella multocida infection and the B. bronchiseptica specific antibody content of the blood and nasal secretion were studied in three Hungarian and three Dutch pig herds. In both countries, the studies involved young sows that had farrowed once or twice (YS), old sows that had farrowed more than four times (OS), and their piglets. The results indicate that Dutch sows are characterized by a lower prevalence of B. bronchiseptica and P. multocida infection than Hungarian sows. In Dutch sows and in their piglets, the rate of P. multocida infection was higher than that of B. bronchiseptica infection. The opposite was found for the Hungarian sows and their piglets. B. bronchiseptica infection commenced at 3 and 4 weeks of age in piglets of young and old Dutch sows, respectively, followed by the emergence of P. multocida infection at 5 (YS) and 6 weeks of age (OS). In Hungarian piglets, B. bronchiseptica infection was first demonstrable at I (YS) and 3 (OS) while P. multocida infection at 3 (YS) and 5 (OS) weeks of age. The serological tests demonstrated higher B. bronchiseptica specific antibody levels in the Dutch sows and piglets as compared to the Hungarian ones. According to the ELISA results, the levels of IgA and IgG in the serum and those of sIgA, IgA and IgG in the nasal secretion of Dutch sows were significantly (p<0.001) higher in the Dutch than in the Hungarian piglets up to 3 and 4 weeks of age, respectively.—KEY WORDS: atrophic rhinitis Bordetella bronchiseptica, dermonecrotic toxin (DNT), Pasteurella multocida, specific antibody.