Foliar application of P. II. Yield responses of corn and soybeans sprayed with various condensed phosphates and P-N compounds in greenhouse and field experiments
Barel, D.; Black, C.A.
Agronomy Journal 71(1): 21-24
Greenhouse and field experiments were conducted with corn (Zea mays L.) and soybeans (Glycine max L. Merr.) to evaluate the growth response of foliar sprays with several condensed phosphates and P-N compounds. The maximum concentration of P tolerated in solutions of tri- and tetrapolyphosphates applied as sprays in the greenhouse was 1.3% with corn and 1.1% with soybeans. The maximum concentration of P tolerated as orthophosphate was 0.5% with corn and 0.4% with soybeans. With soybeans, the yields of plants sprayed with various condensed P compounds significantly exceeded the yields of the unsprayed control, which would not be classed as P-deficient on the basis of the P content of the leaves. Spraying the plants, however, increased the P concentration in the leaves. Phosphoryl triamide produced the highest yields of above-ground dry matter of corn plants in an experiment in which several P-N compounds and condensed phosphates were brushed on the leaves. Several different condensed phosphates were sprayed on corn and soybeans in a field experiment on a fine loamy, mixed, mesic typic haplaquoll (Webster silt loam). An increase in yield of corn that was statistically significant at the 5% level was obtained from spraying. The yields with tri- and tetrapolyphosphate were, respectively, 760 and 754 kg/ha above the control yield of 10,234 kg/ha. With soybeans, the increase in yield due to treatment was significant at the 18% level, and the increase was equivalent to 256 kg/ha above the control yield of 3747 kg/ha.